WHAT IS ENDODONTICS (ROOT CANAL TREATMENT)
There are certain basic principles required to maintain a healthy oral environment and therefore teeth.
Habits such as regular brushing or refraining from smoking and consumption of sugary foods and acidic beverages allows to prevent oral diseases affecting teeth and surrounding tissues.
On the contrary, not following a routine oral health care program will make way for dental or periodontal diseases.
Problems such as dental decay, bleeding of the gums, abscess formation and/or facial swelling may then occur, followed eventually by tooth loss. In cases where preventive and restorative dental care has been inadequate, endodontic (root canal) treatment may be the last resort.
Endodontic treatment – depending on the type and situation of the tooth in question – takes 1 to 3 appontments to complete. The necessary number of appointments can be determined by your dentist after examination.
Endodontic (root canal) treatment is the process of cleaning and removing contaminated/infected dental and pulpal tissues in order to stop and prevent the further spread of infection to neighboring teeth and/or surrounding tissues, thereby facilitating the maintenance of healthy teeth and restoration of damaged teeth.
How is endodontic (root canal) treatment performed?
Damaged teeth can be treated to a state of health with root canal treatments and then restored.
The steps involved in root canal treatments in order are; the removal of the infected part of the tooth, its cleaning and disinfection, obturation and sealing, and its restoration.
Among the main factors that cause damage to a tooths central pulp tissue are very deep dental decay, large cracks or fractures, and repeated treatment attempts on one tooth.
Endodontic (root canal) treatment consists of 8 distinct stages and usually takes about 1 hour. These stages in order are;
- Firstly, the tooth in question and surrounding tissues are numbed using local anesthetics.
- The tooth is then isolated from surrounding tissues.
- An endodontic cavity is prepared for access into the root canals.
- The working lengths of the root canals are determined
- The root canals are then cleaned and shaped
- The sixth step involves disinfecting and finalizing the root canals for sealing
- The seventh stage is properly sealing the root canals so as not to allow for microleakage.
- At the final stage of treatment 2 separate radiographs of the tooth are obtained. More difficult and complex cases may require more. In cases where the teeth are found to be nonvital before treatment, antiseptic materials are applied to the teeth before sealing.
Who requires endodontic treatment?
Endodontic treatment is neither elective nor is it performed on everybody. Patients must meet certain criteria to be eligible for root canal treatments. A list of root canal treatment indications are;
- Deep dental caries
- Recurring dental caries despite attempted fillings or dental prosthetics
- Trauma to the jaws or teeth and/or dental crown or root fractures
- Loss of chewing functions
- Damage to the dental pulp caused by jaw clenching or similar dysfunctional habits
- Pulpal damage following advanced gum diseases and/or periodontal operations
- Non-vital teeth or teeth requiring root canal treatment as determined by dental examination
- Orthodontically mistreated teeth
- Misplaced or unnecessarily high dental fillings or prosthetics
What to watch out for after endodontic (root canal) treatment?
Just as after every simple operation, there are certain points that must be considered following endodontic treatment;
- Do NOT use endodontically treated teeth throughout the treatment period to chew hard foods. Doing so will subject the temporarily filled tooth to a risk of fracture.
- You may experience mild pain at endodontically treated teeth between appointments. Consult your dentist if the pain becomes severe.
- Temporary facial swelling is a possible outcome following treatment and shouldn’t cause concern. Consult your dentist for medical attention if severe.
- Following the completion of the root canal treatment you may still experience temporary mild pain upon pressure. This sensitivity is only temporary and will dissipate in a few days.
- During this period be cautious not to apply to much force on the treated teeth. If necessary use the appropriate analgesic pain medication your dentist will prescribe.
- Teeth treated endodontically will lose their vitality and therefore their strain resistance. Consequently they become more susceptible to fracture. Consult your dentist for the decision regarding an appropriate restoration.
- Endodontic treatments take 1 to 3 appointments. In minimally damaged, mildly painful teeth it mostly takes 1 appointment, whereas in situations with extensively damaged teeth, infected and abscess-filled swellings it may take up to 3 appointments.
- In teeth with multiple problems these accompanying problems may require treatment beforehand. This may delay the treatment process. Consult your dentist for an expected treatment duration.
- Teeth treated endodontically, where managable partial structural damage exists can be restored using dental fillings. Where wider structural losses exist with weaker dental foundation, metal-ceramic restorations will protect against a risk of fracture. In cases where the structural damage is extensive a post supported by the tooth root may need to be inserted before a crown restoration is fabricated.
Nispetiye Mh. Aytar Cd. Aytar Apt No.20 Daire: 4 Etiler / İstanbul
ÜCRETSİZ Randevu Talebi